A (8) | B (2) | C (16) | D (13) | E (6) | F (5) | G (7) | I (5) | L (7) | M (4) | N (1) | O (2) | P (8) | R (5) | S (4) | T (15) | U (5) | V (1) | W (5)

Unfair Competition

Unfair competition is a situation where forbidden practices such as misleading advertising or aggressive commercial practices are used by companies that compete for the end users of their products.

Unfair Competition Act

The unfair competition act ensures fair competition. Therefore, it especially provides protection against behavior or business practices which are deceptive or otherwise infringe the principle of loyalty and good faith and which thus influence the relations between competitors or between suppliers and clients. Thus, it protects competitors, but, also consumer economic interests from unfair business-to-consumer commercial practices. Therefore, it offers the possibility of injunctive relief, compensation, a right to removal, skimming off excess profits and an information right.

Unwanted advertisement

Advertisement is unwanted, if the receiver never agreed - whether in an express or implied manner - with the delivery. 

Utility Model

A utility model, is a patent-like, intellectual property right protecting inventions. Utility model protection is available for inventions that are new, involve an inventive step and are susceptible of industrial application. The protection can last for up to 10 years. A utility model registered at the German Patent and Trademark Office (GPTO) is only valid in Germany. In contrast to the patent, there is neither a European nor an international filing route.

Utility Model Law

The utility model law provides the protection of inventions as utility models and potentially can safeguard the enforcement of the rights of the right owner.